A lot of the chemical symbols for elements within the regular dining table make sense; you can find a tiny selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so hereвЂ™s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a name for sodium carbonate). Its initial supply may very well be the Arabic work вЂnatrunвЂ™. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin name, вЂferrumвЂ™, offers it its icon Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂ™ or вЂswordвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is famous by many different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 different names for it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of those right right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements called after places, but copperвЂ™s title is much more subdued than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which itself arises from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being centuries that are famous for the copper reserves. The title ended up being fundamentally simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English version, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is thought to derive initially from A indo-european language, most likely referring into the metalвЂ™s shininess. The united states Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be called after a tsdates chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, could be based on the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at the lowest heat. ThereвЂ™s also speculation it can be based on the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ as a result of CornwallвЂ™s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is simply based on the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives from the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, talking about the utilization of antimony substances being an old eye cosmetic. This term is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few countries relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its sign.
Tungsten вЂ“ Wolfram (W)
Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. This might be from the German вЂwolf rahmвЂ™, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the actual quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ significantly apt, because itвЂ™s the 7th densest element within the regular dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a great many other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to provide вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and as a result of this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A number of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is alone thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name normally the origin associated with English words that isвЂplumbing вЂplumberвЂ™, because of the historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading